Cycling was first developed by visually impaired cyclists who competed using tandem bicycles, and it was introduced as a Paralympic Sport in Seoul in 1988.
Today, in addition to visually impaired athletes, the sport includes those with cerebral palsy, amputations and other physical impairments. Athletes race on bicycles, tricycles, tandem or hand cycles based on their impairment.
The competition programme includes sprints, individual pursuits, the 1,000m time trial, road races and road time trials for both individuals and teams.
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Info taken from www.paralympic.org